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Frequently Asked Questions

IVF is an acronym for in vitro fertilization (‘in vitro’ meaning ‘in glass’) Hence it is also called as test tube pregnancy. It is a non surgical process by which egg cells are fertilised by sperm outside the womb.The process involves hormonally controlling the ovulatory process, removing ova (eggs) from the woman’s ovaries and letting sperm fertilise them in a fluid medium. The fertilised egg (Embryo) is then transferred to the patient’s uterus with the intent to establish a successful pregnancy.

IVF is usually recommended when either one or both of a woman’s Fallopian tubes are blocked or when all other fertility treatments have been unsuccessful. Poor sperm quality and/or quantity, ovulation problems, and sperm-egg interaction problems are some other problems that can prevent couples from having a baby naturally. IVF helps to solve this.

Specific conditions where patient might require IVF include:

  • Tubal blockage or failed tubal reversal
  • Endometriosis
  • Cervical factor
  • Pelvic adhesions
  • Male factor
  • Unexplained infertility/failed conventional therapy
  • Genetic testing (PGD) for inheritable diseases
  • Genetic testing (PGD) for possible reasons for multiple miscarriages

The various steps involved in IVF Procedure are:

  • Multiple eggs are produced through daily for hormonal injection for 8-12 days
  • The response is then monitored through serial Ultrasounds and Blood tests
  • Eggs are retrieved with the help of a needle under local / general anesthesia
  • Then the collected eggs and women’s husband’s sperms are mixed outside the woman’s body in a culture dish or a test tube which is then placed carefully for fertilization in an incubator
  • Transfer of resulting embryo(s) into the uterus of the woman on D2/D5
  • A blood test is performed 2 weeks later to check the establishment of pregnancy

If the treatment is successful, one or more embryos will be implanted in the uterus and the pregnancy will result, just as it happens in the natural process of conception.

It is medically possible to go for the next cycle immediately. In some cases, however, we may need to modify your treatment, depending upon an assessment of your previous cycle. For example, if the ovarian response was poor, we may advise you additional medications to increase your response for the next cycle.

Risks of IVF

Multiple pregnancies after IVF – Incidence of twin pregnancies is 20% and incidence of triplets is 3-4%. Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS) is a side-effect that can occur during infertility treatment with ovulation inducing drugs. Symptoms of this syndrome may include ovarian enlargement, accumulation of fluid in the abdomen and gastrointestinal disorders (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea). Severe cases of OHSS are however very rare (1-2% of cases)

NO, these babies are the same- mentally and physically except that they are very very special because it is a very difficult journey for their parents.

All IVF therapy does not have to be expensive, and there are several simple and cost-effective treatments that can be used to produce a satisfactory result in the majority of patients. However, baseline studies are recommended in order to determine the best course of treatment. Only a small number of people require more costly treatment, such as Test Tube Baby. However, there is no shortcut, and if more advanced and expensive therapy, such as IVF, is required, it should not be postponed, as age is a key determinant in conception. We make every effort to keep the cost of all operations as low as possible in order to assist the majority of couples.

Treatment is based upon on nature and extent of damage. No, there may be no medication to deal with broken fallopian tubes. Only laparoscopic surgical operation may be done at the blocked tubes. We advise IVF remedy for this type of problem.

It is the process of a few hrs, no need to stay at the hospital in most cases but you are required to visit 5 to 6 times during one cycle.

There are some limitations for all the procedure. On an average success rate is 35% per cycle which can be increased up to 50%, if the patient goes for 3 to 4 cycles. The success rate is also depend on the problem and the procedure recommended. We will do our best to help you in conceiving.

Before commencing the treatment, we must know seminal parameters for couple, Ovulation, complete Status and Hormonal Profile of male and female partner. This helps us to decide the most cost effective line of management.

Traditionally, our society the blame only ladies for the childlessness. It is not true. Both partners are responsible for making a baby so problem could be in either of partner or both. In Males, cause may be less number of sperm & poor quality sperm or nil sperms while in Females, main reason are deficient egg formation, hormonal disturbances, blocked tube, endometriosis, Tuberculosis and other infections. 20 % couples are failed to conceive without any reasons.

Usually fertilization & early development takes place in fallopian tubes naturally. But in IVF or Test Tube Bay, egg are taken out by ultrasound in a test tube and then fertilized with male sperm in IVF lab. Initial development for 2 – 3 day also occur outside than growing embryo is injected to the uterus. Rest of the development takes place as in normal pregnancy. IVF is one of the greatest achievement for childless couples of this century. Many females suffered and lived there life with tag of childless mother. This procedure gives a life to the suffered ladies.