Q1. What is IVF Is it same as test tube pregnancy?

IVF is an acronym for in vitro fertilization (‘in vitro’ meaning ‘in glass’) Hence it is also called as test tube pregnancy. It is a non surgical process by which egg cells are fertilised by sperm outside the womb.The process involves hormonally controlling the ovulatory process, removing ova (eggs) from the woman’s ovaries and letting sperm fertilise them in a fluid medium. The fertilised egg (Embryo) is then transferred to the patient’s uterus with the intent to establish a successful pregnancy.

Q2. Why is IVF recommended?

IVF is usually recommended when either one or both of a woman’s Fallopian tubes are blocked or when all other fertility treatments have been unsuccessful. Poor sperm quality and/or quantity, ovulation problems, and sperm-egg interaction problems are some other problems that can prevent couples from having a baby naturally. IVF helps to solve this.

Specific conditions where patient might require IVF include:

  • Tubal blockage or failed tubal reversal
  • Endometriosis
  • Cervical factor
  • Pelvic adhesions
  • Male factor
  • Unexplained infertility/failed conventional therapy
  • Genetic testing (PGD) for inheritable diseases
  • Genetic testing (PGD) for possible reasons for multiple miscarriages

Q3. How is IVF Done?

The various steps involved in IVF Procedure are:

  • Multiple eggs are produced through daily for hormonal injection for 8-12 days
  • The response is then monitored through serial Ultrasounds and Blood tests
  • Eggs are retrieved with the help of a needle under local / general anesthesia
  • Then the collected eggs and women’s husband’s sperms are mixed outside the woman’s body in a culture dish or a test tube which is then placed carefully for fertilization in an incubator
  • Transfer of resulting embryo(s) into the uterus of the woman on D2/D5
  • A blood test is performed 2 weeks later to check the establishment of pregnancy

If the treatment is successful, one or more embryos will be implanted in the uterus and the pregnancy will result, just as it happens in the natural process of conception.

Q4. Which are the types of Reproductive techniques available in Akanksha IVF Centre?

The types of Reproductive techniques available at Akanksha are:

Q5. When can I have another round of IVF treatment if my first cycle is unsuccessful?

It is medically possible to go for the next cycle immediately. In some cases, however, we may need to modify your treatment, depending upon an assessment of your previous cycle. For example, if the ovarian response was poor, we may advise you additional medications to increase your response for the next cycle.

Risks of IVF

Multiple pregnancies after IVF – Incidence of twin pregnancies is 20% and incidence of triplets is 3-4%. Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS) is a side-effect that can occur during infertility treatment with ovulation inducing drugs. Symptoms of this syndrome may include ovarian enlargement, accumulation of fluid in the abdomen and gastrointestinal disorders (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea). Severe cases of OHSS are however very rare (1-2% of cases)

Q6. Are IVF babies different from normal babies?

NO, these babies are the same- mentally and physically except that they are very very special because it is a very difficult journey for their parents.

Frequently Asked Questions

IVF is an acronym for in vitro fertilization (‘in vitro’ meaning ‘in glass’) Hence it is also called as test tube pregnancy. It is a non surgical process by which egg cells are fertilised by sperm outside the womb.The process involves hormonally controlling the ovulatory process, removing ova (eggs) from the woman’s ovaries and letting sperm fertilise them in a fluid medium. The fertilised egg (Embryo) is then transferred to the patient’s uterus with the intent to establish a successful pregnancy.

IVF is usually recommended when either one or both of a woman’s Fallopian tubes are blocked or when all other fertility treatments have been unsuccessful. Poor sperm quality and/or quantity, ovulation problems, and sperm-egg interaction problems are some other problems that can prevent couples from having a baby naturally. IVF helps to solve this.

Specific conditions where patient might require IVF include:

  • Tubal blockage or failed tubal reversal
  • Endometriosis
  • Cervical factor
  • Pelvic adhesions
  • Male factor
  • Unexplained infertility/failed conventional therapy
  • Genetic testing (PGD) for inheritable diseases
  • Genetic testing (PGD) for possible reasons for multiple miscarriages

The various steps involved in IVF Procedure are:

  • Multiple eggs are produced through daily for hormonal injection for 8-12 days
  • The response is then monitored through serial Ultrasounds and Blood tests
  • Eggs are retrieved with the help of a needle under local / general anesthesia
  • Then the collected eggs and women’s husband’s sperms are mixed outside the woman’s body in a culture dish or a test tube which is then placed carefully for fertilization in an incubator
  • Transfer of resulting embryo(s) into the uterus of the woman on D2/D5
  • A blood test is performed 2 weeks later to check the establishment of pregnancy

If the treatment is successful, one or more embryos will be implanted in the uterus and the pregnancy will result, just as it happens in the natural process of conception.

It is medically possible to go for the next cycle immediately. In some cases, however, we may need to modify your treatment, depending upon an assessment of your previous cycle. For example, if the ovarian response was poor, we may advise you additional medications to increase your response for the next cycle.

Risks of IVF

Multiple pregnancies after IVF – Incidence of twin pregnancies is 20% and incidence of triplets is 3-4%. Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS) is a side-effect that can occur during infertility treatment with ovulation inducing drugs. Symptoms of this syndrome may include ovarian enlargement, accumulation of fluid in the abdomen and gastrointestinal disorders (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea). Severe cases of OHSS are however very rare (1-2% of cases)

NO, these babies are the same- mentally and physically except that they are very very special because it is a very difficult journey for their parents.