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What exactly is PCOS?

Polycystic ovarian syndrome is the most common hormonal disorder affecting 5-10% of general population. The syndrome described as a group of women with absence of menstrual periods (amenorrhea), infertility, hirsutism (unwanted hair growth in women), and enlarged polycystic ovaries.

What happens in your body in PCOS?

Main Problem is resistance to insulin, which causes an imbalance in the sex hormones This imbalance makes multiple cysts in the ovaries, hence the name polycystic ovaries. PCOS may be hereditary at times.

Symptoms

  • Irregular or non-existent periods.
  • Very light or very heavy bleeding during your period
  • Excessive hair growth on your face, chest and lower abdomen
  • Acne
  • Infertility
  • Obesity
  • Patches of dark areas on the back of neck and other areas

May also increase the risk of:

  • High blood pressure
  • High level of blood cholesterol
  • Type 2 Diabetes

MYTHS

Women with PCOS cannot have Children (false) | Women who have had children cannot have PCOS (false) | Removal of uterus cures PCOS (false)

A woman who has polycystic Ovaries definitely has PCOS (false) | There will be no problems after menopause (false)

If a woman does not want to have children (or more children), she should not worry about PCOS (false)

FACTS

PCOS can be treated easily.

A woman with PCOS can have children. Women who had conceived normally, can still have PCOS.

TREATMENT

Lifestyle Modification:

30 minutes daily exercise improves body’s use of insulin and can help relieve symptoms of PCOS

Control of irregular menses: Cyclical progesterone, Estrogen progesterone pills.

Treatment of Hirsutism: Mechanical by plucking, shaving, Electrolysis, laser

Management of infertility: Clomiphene citrate, Gonadotropins, Metformin, Weight loss.